Refrigerant is a name for a group of chemicals called CFCs, or chlorofluorocarbons, meaning that they contain fluorine, chlorine, hydrogen, and carbon. It is mainly used in air conditioning and refrigeration. It absorbs heat, thereby allowing for cool air to circulate throughout the AC’s ductwork. However, discovery of its harmful effects forced manufacturers to develop more effective and safer refrigerant compounds. Homeowners should, therefore, understand the relationship between refrigerant and health, and take the necessary precautionary measures.
The widespread use of Refrigerant, however, raises some serious concerns about exposure to Refrigerant and health. Generally, it comes in the form of colorless, non–flammable gases and liquids, mostly used in air conditioning, refrigeration and the manufacture of fluorocarbon resins and lubricants.
Refrigerant and Health
People who are exposed to Refrigerant should understand that it poses some health risks. Therefore, anyone who is regularly exposed should have regular checkups. This is because Refrigerant can affect the heart. People who have heart problems, in particular, need to be extremely careful because Refrigerant can cause cardiac arrhythmia.
Anyone who is exposed to a high concentration of refrigerant gases can experience loss of concentration and coordination, asphyxia, and dizziness. The gases may also cause dermatitis, skin rashes, and other skin irritations. Fortunately, refrigerant does not pose long–term health problems. It is not a carcinogen, teratogen, or mutagen, and it does not harm the liver.
Exposure on Kids and Pets
Refrigerant is three to four times heavier than air, which means that it settles close to the floor. Therefore, the closer one is to the floor, the more chemical one is likely to inhale. Kids and pets are, therefore, much more exposed to the effects of this chemical. Homeowners who notice a Refrigerant leak should open all doors and windows immediately and use a fan to blow out the chemical. They should also take their kids and pets outside and seek a qualified technician to repair the leak.
Refrigerant is one of the most significant environmental pollutants. Its chemical compounds cause a depletion of the ozone layer, which increases ultraviolet radiation results in serious risk to human health. This is the reason why the government phased out the use of Refrigerant. Follow our blog for more great HVAC information.